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Constant acidity and heartburn may indicate signs of esophageal cancer.
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Constant acidity and heartburn may indicate signs of esophageal cancer.

Esophageal cancer is a common cancer in the esophagus, which is more common in men than women.  If it is not treat on time, the afflicted patient suffers a lot of trouble and along with that it can lead to their death. Esophageal cancer is a cancer in our food pipe, in its initial stage, the person has trouble eating solid things and gradually it becomes much more difficult. After which the patient also has trouble swallowing liquid things like oatmeal and the life of the patient is limited only on water.  Most of the cases come on such situation when something gets stuck in the person’s throat and he comes to the doctor. In this case, after diagnosing the disease, it is known that he has esophageal cancer. Let us tell you about Constant acidity and heartburn may indicate signs of esophageal cancer.

People above the age of 50 are more prone to get esophageal cancer. This does not mean that this cancer cannot occur in young people. Due to modern lifestyle and excessive consumption of smoking, even young people are getting cancer of the food pipe. Apart from this, some people start complaining of acidity too much. Excess acidity may be a sign of esophageal cancer. Therefore, do not ignore problems like acidity. On seeing the symptoms, immediately go to the doctors and adopt a healthy lifestyle to prevent esophageal cancer.

Esophageal Cancer Types

Esophageal cancer is mainly classified into two parts.

Squamous cell carcinoma

In earlier times, people were more prone to squamous cell carcinoma cancer. In squamous cell carcinoma, the upper and middle parts of the grass tube are most affected. The cancer begins in the flat, thin cells that make up the lining of the esophagus.

Adenocarcinoma

Adenocarcinoma cancer is becoming more common in India than squamous cell carcinoma. The reason for this is the changing lifestyle. In this, the lower part of esophagus is more affected.

Stages of Esophageal Cancer

The cancer of the esophagus is divided into four parts, out of which it is possible to cure this cancer up to 3 stage. By coming to stage 4, the condition of the patient becomes very serious. In such a situation, it is possible to increase the quality of their life, but the patient can be saved. It is not possible to say so.

Stage-I: In this stage, the cancer affects only the cells found on the layers of the alimentary canal.

Stage-II: In this stage, the cancer cells have spread to the outer wall of the alimentary canal. In addition, the cancer can also spread to 1 to 2 lymph nodes nearby.

Stage-III: In this stage, the cancer cells have spread deeply on the walls of the inner muscle layer or connective tissue. By this stage, cancer cells have spread to most lymph nodes.

Stage – IV: By this stage, cancer cells affect almost all the organs of the stomach. It has completely spread to the alimentary canal as well as the lymph nodes.

Esophageal Cancer Symptoms

  • Trouble eating (Trouble eating solids, but not having trouble eating liquid things.)
  • Irregular weight loss
  • Constant acidity and heartburn
  • Bicker
  • Vomiting.
  • Having trouble swallowing food.
  • Heartburn
  • Chest pain
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Pain around the throat.
  • Sudden sharp pain in stomach.
  • Chronic cough relapse
  • Feeling tired
  • Extreme hiccups

Esophageal Cancer Causes

Due to some of our habits and conditions, the risk of getting cancer in the food pipe is high.

  • alcohol abuse
  • Smoking
  • Barrett’s esophagus
  • Being overweight
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Do not take adequate diet. (Eating less fruits and vegetables)
  • Having achalasia problem (in this case the esophagus and the middle part of the stomach muscle valve stops functioning properly.)

 Esophageal Cancer Diagnosis

Endoscopy   Endoscopy is done with the help of a flexible tube. It is a flexible tube with a camera at one end and the first end inserted into the patient’s mouth. Endoscopy is done in just 2 to 3 minutes. After an endoscopy, the patient can function like normal days. In such cases, patients should not panic with the endoscopy examination. There are many cases in which patients are afraid of having an endoscopy. This is a very simple test and you do not need to panic.

Biopsy – This test is done to know the type of cancer. In this, the doctor writes the test to the patient to find out the size of the tumor, in which a small piece of cancer cells is taken with the help of endoscopy and it is ingested.

CT – With the help of scanning tests, an attempt is made to determine the stage of cancer and its severity. With this test, patients try to find out which area of ​​the patient is affected.

Treatment of Esophageal Cancer

It is possible to treat food pipe cancer till stage 3 of onset. Doctors recommend surgery at an early stage. Along with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy have developed a lot in the last 5 years. By this, the patient can be treated completely, after which the patient has no problem. Doctors state that surgery is performed in two ways, by a robot and leptoscopy.

Apart from this, Palliative Therapy is used for patients with advanced stage, in which the patient is given Metallic SEMS. So that the life quality of the patient’s remaining 6 months to 1 year can be increased.

Prevention of esophageal cancer

  1. Do not smoke
  2. Stay away from tobacco consumption.
  3. Exercise regularly.
  4. Eat fruits and vegetables in the diet.
  5. Control your weight.

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