Five different types of Hepatitis

Five different types of Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a serious infectious disease in the liver. Hepatitis causes liver inflammation. Sometimes hepatitis occurs due to the deterioration of the body’s resistance and sometimes it is due to the consumption of drugs, drugs and alcohol. Although hepatitis can occur in any season, but in the summer and monsoon season, the incidence of hepatitis is increased due to the increase of bacteria and consuming food. Hepatitis A, B ,C, D & E are five different types of hepatitis disease.

Causes of Hepatitis

Hepatitis A and E usually result from intake of contaminated water and food. Hepatitis B, C, and D usually occur due to exposure of the infected person to urine, blood, or other fluids. Hepatitis is also caused by the use of infected blood, blood products, or contaminated needles or other infected medical products. In addition, hepatitis B can also spread to a child from an infected mother. Apart from this, hepatitis B virus is also spread by physical contact. Long-term alcohol addiction can also cause hepatitis. Hepatitis D occurs in patients who already have hepatitis B.

Symptoms of Hepatitis

Hepatitis takes the form of jaundice when it grows and can also cause liver cirrhosis or liver cancer when it reaches its final stage. If not treated in time, the patient may die. So be careful when you see these symptoms.

Symptoms of fatigue flu dark colored urine bowel movements bleeding stomach pain problems loss of appetite suddenly without weight loss symptoms of yellowing of skin and eyes or jaundice vomiting with fever

Types of Hepatitis

Hepatitis has five main viruses. Hepatitis A, B ,C, D & E. These five viruses are very dangerous.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a waterborne disease. Hepatitis A disease is caused by infected food and water. When dirty water of drains or sewer or any other way polluted water gets mixed in the supply water, this disease can occur. In such a situation a large number of people are affected by it. Usually, this disease is cured by taking some necessary measures for three to four weeks. Pregnant women may have jaundice due to this disease which can increase the problem. In such a situation the life of both mother and baby is threatened.

Hepatitis B

Alcohol is the main cause of Hepatitis B. Hepatitis-B is characterized by yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice), dark urine, extreme fatigue, vomiting and abdominal pain. Hepatitis B can also be chronic, which can later result in liver cirrhosis or liver cancer. Three or four different doses of hepatitis B vaccine can be given as part of routine immunization. This vaccine is given to newborns, six months and one year of age. They provide protection till at least 25 years of age.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is considered a silent killer. Initially, no symptoms of this disease appear and by the time the symptoms appear, it has spread in the body. The disease is spread by blood transfusions. There is a possibility of Hepatitis C due to tattooing on hand, giving infected blood, using other razor etc. Cirrhosis and liver cancer can occur in the late stage of hepatitis C. Hepatitis C, like other forms of hepatitis, causes inflammation in the liver. The hepatitis C virus is primarily transferred through the blood and is more permanent than hepatitis A or B.

Hepatitis D

This disease occurs only if the patient has already had a B or C infection. Hepatitis D viruses can survive on its B viruses. Therefore, people who have been infected with Hepatitis are also likely to get infected with Hepatitis D. When a person is infected with Hepatitis D, there is a higher risk of liver damage than a person infected with Hepatitis B. The immune system given for hepatitis B can also protect against hepatitis D to some extent. Its main symptoms are fatigue, vomiting, mild fever, diarrhea, dark colored urine.

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is a waterborne disease and the cause of its widespread outbreak is contaminated water or food supplies. Polluted water spreads the epidemic, causing large populations to fall prey to this disease. It is a type of infectious disease that spreads rapidly from one person to another. Monkeys, pigs, cows, sheep, goats and rats are susceptible to this infection and can spread its virus rapidly.

Diagnosis of Hepatitis

On seeing the symptoms of hepatitis, first of all, the doctors take information about the history of your disease because if you have had this disease before, then there is a possibility of it happening again. Hepatitis can be detected by examining liver function. Your blood is tested for this. If there is any problem in liver function, the doctor may ask you for other blood tests, which is necessary to find out the cause of hepatitis. Apart from this, it can also be detected by abdominal ultrasound and liver biopsy.

Treatment of Hepatitis

There is no definitive medicine to treat Hepatitis A and E. Since both these types of hepatitis occur in the beginning, they are not very dangerous and can be controlled with drugs. Both of these hepatitis are treated on the basis of symptoms. For example, the medicine is given separately for fever and separately for abdominal pain. Contact the doctor soon after symptoms appear. Vaccines (vaccines) are available only to prevent against hepatitis A and B. In addition, hepatitis C, D and E, doctors treat you by hospitalization. Any type of symptoms associated with hepatitis should be immediately approached by the doctor, because the risk of delay in treatment increases many times.